The main types of knives. Types of folding knives

What are the different types of knives? What are blades? What are the parts generally is this type of bladed weapons? What kind of materials used in its manufacture? About it in this article will be discussed.

Before figuring out what are the kinds of knives, talk first about their design and construction. The knife, in general, consists of two large parts. This - the blade and the handle. This uncomplicated device have all kinds of knives. Blade in most cases converge to a single point. It is called the tip.

The main types of knives. Types of folding knives

All types of knives are sharpened to perform certain tasks. And that part of the blade, which is subjected to grinding, is called the blade. Much less, but still you can find the name of the "cutting edge". The blade can be both smooth and serrated. It may be teeth.

The surface of the blade, tapering to the blade, called a butt. The side grooves may have. They are, respectively, called the dales. This is done in order to reduce weight. Part of the blade that is not ground, called the fifth. One item that we cover the palm, called black.

The handle and the blade are separated crosshair. It is called the Garden. Shank - portion of the blade, which is located inside cherena. Mounting clumsy knife handle can be accomplished in two ways: vsadnym (handle is mounted on the liner) and the plate (handle formed plates, which are fastened to the shank on both sides).

The main types of knives. Types of folding knives

The part of the handle, which is located between an ax and a hand is called back. Accordingly, the reverse side is called belly.

Forms knife blades

Such cold steel has several types of blades. Each of them is designed for a purpose. Below is the most common types of hunting knives will be described.

With direct butt

It is fit for cutting. The tip can pierce the very subjects.

With the butt down the line

It is located on the tip axis corresponding downward force. Blade quite well pricks and cuts their subjects. The advantage of this type is less weight. The front of the butt sometimes performed as a full blade or in the form of "falshlezviya". Recently formed without sharpening, and this is the first type of blade helps better to enter into a material that is cut.

With increasing butt line

Some types of folding knives have this type of blade. Its design feature is that the blade is the maximum length. When cutting hard materials enough it becomes an obvious advantage.

The main types of knives. Types of folding knives


On the butt is a special ramp that brings the edge to the line, the receiving power during the injection knife. This blade has a resemblance to the Drop-Point. However, it is much thinner sharper, it has shiloobrazny appearance. The bevel may be sharpened. It should be noted that the blades having this kind of blade, quite common in the US, where they are very popular.

"The Goat's Foot"

The blade has a direct view. This allows for a more comfortable and accurate to use the blade to cut. The tip is not, so to speak of punctures inadvisable and practically impossible. However, the product automatically acquires greater security. Many professional knives have a blade that way. This means that use electricians, gardeners. Multidisciplinary knives foldable type are also sometimes have this type of blade.

"The American tanto"

It is believed that the historical basis were the types of combat knives are made in Japan. However, this tip was invented in the United States, and recently. The development was made by the company under the name of Cold Steel. In the first place emphasis on reducing the cost of the manufacturing process. As they say some rather authoritative sources, the design was developed by Bob Lumu.

The main types of knives. Types of folding knives

Now the most popular option - a blade, wherein the cutting edge comprises a series of slopes, located only on one side. Okay so the knife to make cutting actions, but force a shot - not the best that can be done in such a cold steel.

Blade kopeobrazny

The tip is located in the middle. This is usually double-edged blade. Most often, these blades have in the case of daggers, which are not used for cutting, and for injections.

The materials for the production of

The most common material used to produce knives, tree. In this case, it applies a variety of wood species. The handle is easy and practical, if it is made of a dense wood varieties. These include maple, oak, walnut, apple, cherry and pear. Tropical trees - also a good option. If in the process of production of the handle rare wood was used, then a knife is not only very beautiful but also durable. But here's the process the material is very difficult and therefore more expensive.

The main types of knives. Types of folding knives

used, and other natural materials for the manufacture of handles of knives. We are talking about the horns of wild animals. With regard to these components, the more often they find their place in the hunting knife. The category includes natural materials and leather. But the percentage of its use in very small knives. The point here is that the skin is not particularly suited to the tropical climate and our climate.

Companies producing knives often use a variety of synthetic materials. They can be listed for a long time. This is mainly carbon fiber, nylon, fiberglass and grayvari.

Of synthetic materials is very widespread mikarta. It is an electrically insulating material and consists of a polymeric type film having a resin base, which is glued to the insulating material, i.e. paper and fabrics. Mikarta looks quite attractive, its operation is possible in the long-term, and this parameter, as moisture resistance, it is advantageous highlights. It is easy to handle, and the color depends on what components are in the composition, as well as the state of the resin. Color can be changed without much technological effort. Moreover, by the combination of the components at times achieve a very interesting texture.

The main types of knives. Types of folding knives

Another good material - craton. It belongs to an independent type that is used both as a handle and as an insert in it. Kraton - a kind of rubber. High wear resistance parameter makes it valuable in the manufacture of handles for knives. The advantage may be mentioned the fact that the handle made of Craton not slip in the hand. In order to increase tenacity, also make relief.

A little less likely to use G-10. This glass fiber, which is made on the basis of epoxy resins and fiberglass. From the outset, this material engineers and specialists of the relevant field developed for the manufacture of circuit boards. But now widely used G-10 is found in the arms of knives. The material is non-flammable, and has good moisture resistance and high dielectric properties. Dyes that are added to the G-10, can achieve a variety of shades.

As for the drawbacks, it is first necessary to note the strength. Under normal conditions, it is impossible to say anything bad. But in the course of being lowered temperature strength of the product decreases. What can you say about the sub-zero temperatures. The material has a kind of "relative". It is kind of G-10 under the name Shell. In fact, it is nothing like laminate, which consists of a thin layer of a natural material and substrate bases G-10.

The main types of knives. Types of folding knives

Now, there are many synthetic materials that mimic perfectly natural counterparts. This, for example, elforin. He perfectly copies the ivory. It is easy to handle, polishing, cutting. Elforin has high moisture resistance, resists the damaging action of acids and oils. In the production of cutlery handles are used, of course, and metals. But they are different enough weight. Folding knives are often made of aluminum. Among the metal is the easiest, but at the same time durable material.


A separate issue, which relates to the combat and economic blades - this types of steel for knives. Their are several pieces. To be more precise - around two dozen. If you are a lover of the cold weapon, it does not hurt to check out and what are the types of knife sharpening.