The most expensive in the world of stones: red diamond, ruby, emerald. The rarest gems in the world
From time immemorial beautiful jewels beckon man. Some gems are so expensive that they afford to buy can only favorites. Many of them, like the great rulers of the past, tend to settle in the collections of the world's most expensive stones.
Our article tells about the magnificent creations of nature. After all, even those who do not plan to make such expensive purchases, will certainly be interesting to admire the beautiful gems.
Sapphire and Emerald
Stone with high transparency, uniform color and free of foreign inclusions are always expensive. In nature, emeralds, having all of these features are extremely rare, but this stone can be called an exception to the rules. Most emeralds have inclusions, inclusions, hazier. The size of these small stones. Price per carat starts at $ 5,000 and depends on many factors. Pure transparent emerald - stone is very rare, some items (especially large size) can cost much more expensive diamonds. It turns out, the price is not due to rarity and properties of the stone, as it usually happens. Yourself emeralds are mined in many countries around the world. But really clean stones are very few.
Sapphire (blue and blue) can be attributed to the same price category. The average price of a stone - 5-6 thousand dollars per carat, but some specimens can cost twice as much. And the cost of the orange-red variety of sapphire, speech about which ahead, can reach a fabulous sums.
Both of these gem in jewelry, as a rule, make a company gold, platinum, fine brilliantm and other precious stones.
This stone - a kind of beryl. A distinctive feature of the most expensive sub-species - the red-pink hue. Stone mined exclusively in the US states of Utah and New Mexico. It is known to only a few stones that have the desired characteristics. The largest of the presently known nuggets biksbita weighs just over 3 carats.
The stone is considered to be rare. One carat can cost no less than 10-12 thousand dollars. Price explains not only the incredible beauty of the gem, but also its exceptional rarity. Currently, worldwide there are not more than three and a half thousand biksbitov processed. Apparently, the field languish. Researchers continue to search, but now bisksbity virtually mined.
This gem can change its color - this is its main value. Natural alexandrite never ceases to surprise people with its beauty and variability. Stones that can change color from rich green to red, can cost 10-37 thousand dollars per carat.
Along with natural alexandrite, there are similar gems - some varieties of pomegranate. Artificially grown alexandrite changes color from purple to gray and green, but unfortunately, it is this color is considered "correct" a lot of people.
The largest deposit is in Russian alexandrite. That's where the stone was found for the first time. By the way, the name of the gem was in honor of the young Crown Prince Alexander.
These days, alexandrite, especially large ones - is a rarity. Of course, it is even more bullish on prices, because of which Alexander is among the ten most expensive stones.
Virtually all of the world's most expensive stones have some unique properties. Paraiba tourmaline is no exception. High price per carat of the stone is due to not only its incredible rarity (Paraiba occurs about 10,000 times rarer than diamond). It plays a significant role gem unique property - it is like a light, reflecting and reinforcing beams. The area around the crystal seems to be just magical.
Paraiba mined in Brazil. The region in which the first found a gem, and gave him the name. By the way, this happened not so long ago - just 30 years ago.
Jewelry with Brazilian Paraiba - it's a great investment. Currently paraibskih hills was practically exhausted. This gem is found in other parts of our planet (eg, Madagascar). Value are absolutely all the gems, the price starts at $ 15,000. But for the Brazilian stone will have to pay a much larger amount. These rare stones fall into the hands of the best jewelers of the world, the cost of the work which is very high.
Some faceted Paraiba can be considered true works of art. To date, the record is a gem worth $ 125 million.
Stone, a long time the attention awarded crowned persons, has an ancient history. Rubies - sapphires relatives. Their prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and in India from time immemorial it was believed that rubies possess magical properties. Stones mined on all continents except Antarctica. Considered the most valuable Asian stones, the color of which is called "pigeon blood".
The most expensive ruby - a stone weighing 25, 5 carats. Buyer laid out for him 30 million dollars, and yet the case is considered a record.
Many believe that the most expensive in the world of stones - it's diamonds. But it is not so. also have their kings among these gems.
In the world there are many varieties of diamonds, and not far from all of them transparent. Striking beauty of diamonds in yellow, blue, cognac, black shades. For each of the species use different types of cuts, emphasizing the natural beauty of the stone.
In the world there are several diamond deposits. Experts have established that the formation of this unique gem sometimes take millions of years. Some diamonds came to our planet from outer space, probably arriving in meteorites bodies. The cost of diamonds depends on two parameters: the natural characteristics of the nugget and its cut quality. But expect to buy a diamond for less 15 thousand dollars per carat hardly worth it. The price of even very tiny pebbles at 0, 1-0, 2 carats - they are used in jewelry and to emphasize the beauty of the other stones, and as individual players.
This variety is called imperial jade. The price tag starts from 20 thousand dollars per carat.
It is not easy to get such a gem of natural origin, even to someone who is willing to spend money badly. The most expensive in the world and because the stones are worth a lot of money, that is rare. But those who want to enjoy this unique stone of incredible beauty, you can go to Thailand - the Emerald Buddha is not made of emerald and jade from greenish transparent.
Learn this kind of sapphire among the many stones is not easy, but possible. Stone wonder called sunrise, because its faces are playing red, orange and pink highlights.
There are two-colored sapphires, they are allowed to call the same name, but they cost less. But the attempt to pass off padparadzha monochrome sapphire - is an outright falsification.
30 thousand dollars - is the minimum price per carat gem.
This stone is not only the ten most expensive, but also is one of the rarest in the world. It is now known all 8 gems corresponding grandiderita standards.
In coloration dominated unobtrusive delicate tones of green, blue or turquoise. To judge the price is incredibly difficult, because in most cases grandiderity go to the new owner with the auction, which for them ignite serious battles. Price per carat can not be lower than the hundreds of thousands of dollars. In other words, Grandidier stone stands as much for him ready to pay real connoisseurs. And the most expensive is considered an instance, almost with no shade and has excellent transparency.
It crowns the top of the most expensive gems in the world diamond blood-red color. The price can be named fabulous - it can reach a million dollars per carat!
Due to the incredible price tag is not only a rarity of this type of diamonds, but also the extraordinary beauty.
The only deposit in the world, which meets the red diamond, located in Australia. It gives a person a few unique stones in the year, so every such discovery is considered priceless.
Record diamond expensive red color, whose weight does not exceed one carat and was sold for one trillion dollars.
The rarest gems in the world
Not always figure on the price tag of a unique stone affects the number of zeros. But the rare stones attract true connoisseurs of not only exorbitant cost. To mention a few examples of the gems, which Mother Nature is not so generous.
Specialists are rare gemstones are: Tanzanite, Black Opal, Larimar, benitoite Payne, taafeit, red beryl.