Walk over the bridges of Paris
• Walk over the bridges of Paris
One of the most beautiful and romantic cities in Europe, Paris, and can be called a city of bridges. After all, here they number no less, and as many as 37. And if they do not, the river Seine, Paris separates into 2 parts, would be a serious obstacle not only for tourists but also for the Parisians. Bridges were built at different times, which consequently, had an impact on their appearance. It is difficult to find a bridge in Paris, which would be similar to the other. And certainly every bridge has its own history, amazing and unique ...
Let us tell you about some of them and see photos of Paris:
The famous Parisian bridge, new bridge. " Oddly enough, but (Pont Neuf) - one of the oldest bridges of Paris. The new bridge crosses the arrow Ile de la Cite and consists of two parts, where one axis are not accurate continuation of the other. The southern part of the bridge has 5 spans, the northern - 7. Its construction began under Henry III in 1578, and ended already under Henry IV in the 1602nd. In its middle part, the new bridge is supported by two islets and the European patriarchal, where a little later was constructed area with equestrian monument of Henry IV. Unlike other bridges of the time, new bridge was not built up with houses and had sidewalks for pedestrians. For decades, the new bridge was one of the busiest places in Paris: on both sides of it were placed temporary stalls and booths, missing only in the XIX century. But until now, Pont Neuf favorite meeting place and walks of Parisians and visitors to the capital. This is the most romantic bridge in Paris, connecting the right and left banks of the Seine from the western part of the Ile de la Cité.
The bridge Changed (Pont au Change), built in the IX century, when King Charles Bald, connects the right bank of the Seine to the Île de la Cité. In medieval times, this bridge was chosen by numerous shopkeepers and moneychangers. This was the main financial artery of the French capital. The bridge was so densely built rows of shops that looked more like a flea market, and strolling through it Parisians simply did not see the river. At the end of the XVIII century when the shops and houses demolished, the bridge becomes a "poor and goal", its present his view of the bridge has gained during the Second Empire, and since then it has not changed.
Pont Saint-Michel (Pont St.Michael), built by Napoleon III. It is decorated with the monogram of the emperor. From the bridge begins the boulevard Saint-Michel, leading to the Latin Quarter.
Pont Notre-Dame (Pont Notre-Dame)
In '52 BC. e. in these lands came the Romans. Locals to defend themselves against the enemy, destroyed the access routes to the island - burnt bridges. However, this measure had a short-term effect, and soon the city was conquered. Sita began active construction in which small bridge rose from the tree, and Notre Dame stone. The next important step came in 886, after a siege of the city by the Normans in Lifeline. Petit Pont was demolished waters of the Seine, and rebuilt, and the victim in the course of military operations Notre Dame was replaced with a new bridge Changed (Pont au Change), was built downstream. The last time it was reconstructed in the XIX century. Now it was chosen by skaters. And many tourists rushing to the famous Notre Dame Cathedral on the bridge waiting for the army cartoonists, caricaturist and just artists.
Footbridge On Reserves (Pont au Double)
Pont des Arts (Pont des Arts) became the first railway bridge over the Seine, it was built in 1802. It connects the building of the French Academy in the Louvre, and is very popular with tourists. Pont des Arts captured many famous French artists, including Auguste Renoir, Nicolas de Staël. Pont des Arts - is only for pedestrians. He tourists nobody bothers. Therefore, many, having spread a newspaper, just a snack are arranged directly on the bridge.
A two-level bridge Bir Akeym (Pont de Bir-Hakeim) is rather unusual. According to it, and the underground held (retracted upper level for trains), and cars drive, and people pass. It was built in 1949 designed by G. Eiffel, and named the bridge Bir Akeym in place in Libya, where in 1942 there was a battle between the French and German troops. On the eastern side of the bridge is represented by a sculptural work Vederkinha "A resurgent France." From Bir Akeym Swan bridge begins (or Swan) Island, a narrow strip stretching along the Seine. The bridge offers a beautiful view of the escarpment alley.
Turnel Bridge (Pont de la Tournelle) connects the island of Saint-Louis with the left bank of the Seine. 1651 on the site of a wooden bridge was built by King standing here in 1370. The bridge is crowned the statue of Saint Genevieve, who saved Paris from the Huns.
Austerlitz Bridge (Pont d'Austerlitz) The bridge is located between the area of Maza and embankments Austerlitz and St. Bernard, 200 m, width -. 32 m was opened March 5, 1807 and named in honor of the victory won by the army of Napoleon I over Russian and Austrian armies December 2, 1805 near the village of Austerlitz. On the ornaments that adorn the bridge engraved with the names of French generals killed in the Battle of Austerlitz. In 1815, the demand of the Allies, occupied Paris, the bridge was renamed the Royal (Jardin du Roi), but this name was not accepted by Parisians. In 1830, the bridge again officially received the original name.
Notable bridge Sully. In the Russian tradition of reducing doubled consonants, sometimes referred to as a bridge Sully. In the original language the name sounds like Le pont de Sully. The bridge connects the Sully in Paris Ile Saint-Louis and the island of St. Louis with the two banks of the river Seine. The name of the design was in honor of the Duke of Sully, who was the head of the French government under Henry IV. If you walk from the Boulevard Saint-Germain on the bridge, and then follow the Boulevard Henri IV of, get on the Place de la Bastille. In the photo one of the parts of the bridge.
Metro bridge name is not found.
The bridge of Bercy. It was built between 1831 and 1832., During the reign of Louis Philippe. Since its existence, the bridge is 175 m. And a width of 40 m. Has undergone many renovations and changes. As planned bridge was supposed to be a kind of entrance and exit from the city. But due to the fact that Paris is constantly grew, as a result he became the link between the left and right bank of the city. In 1992, thanks to the architectural skill of Kristjan Bercy Langlois Bridge was extended for three additional bands and now it goes on the 6th line subway.
Tolbyak Bridge (Pont de Tolbiac).
Pont Alexandre III (Pont Alexandre III), perhaps the most impressive and elegant in Paris, leading to the Champs Elysées on the right bank to the House of Invalides on the left. Finish this structure containing Pegasus figures, angels and nymphs, performed in a playful and at the same time noble eclectic Beaux-Arts, combines the best traditions of the French Baroque and Italian Renaissance. Luxury Pont Alexandre III, named after the Russian Emperor, Nicholas II was built in 1896 in honor of the Franco-Russian alliance and is open on the eve of early 1900, the World Expo.