Neoprene suit for skin diving: material properties, care rules
Neoprene - a synthetic chloroprene rubber, foam rubber. This material is very elastic and waterproof. Therefore, it is used for tailoring suits. The material allows water to penetrate under the suit to the swimmer's skin, but does not go back to a liquid. The body temperature warms the water entered, and it becomes warm. Man is not cold. This type is called a wet-suits.
wetsuit contains air bubbles in its composition, so insulation is ensured. Pick outfit need only in size. The better fits the body suit, the less liquid falls under it, and the body does not waste excess energy to heat the cold water. And this is important, especially if a person puts it in the cold season.
This material possesses both advantages and disadvantages.
- The porosity, which provides good thermal neoprene suit.
- Fine reveals himself in the salt sea water, resistant to chemicals.
- It protects the wearer from blows, cuts the rocks during rafting and underwater adventures.
- hypoallergenic and eco-friendly.
- Compared to other flame-retardant rubber products.
- Easy and practical.
- body under a neoprene suit, "not breathing", creating the effect of the sauna, in the long wear may be irritation of the skin;
- for such a material must be able to properly care for and store it;
- corrosive fluids such as acid or alkali, can destroy the tissue structure and to make a hole at the site of exposure.
Classification of neoprene suits different. The thickness of the tissue ranges from 3 to 11 mm. From subtle variants recently designers have started to sew clothes for sports and tourism. Matter of 3 mm thick made suits for rafting and spearfishing. Wet suits and ammunition for rescuers are made of the average thickness of the fabric.
In such things convenient and comfortable to move. A thick and a thicker embodiment is used only for the diver when diving in cold water. They are awkward to move on land. Suit not as elastic as wet analogue.
Matters and tissue density. It depends on the air bubbles, and more precisely, of their number in a tissue. The more of them, the material is easier and more flexible. The dense air suits smaller, so things harder and harder.
Also suits still differ in style. There are lightweight model (shorts and short-sleeved), long and combined, for example, T-shirt and long pants and long sleeves combined with shorts. There are even socks made of neoprene. They do not get cold feet, and a man can be a long time, such as hunting or fishing, where raw and cold nights.
neoprene suit for rafting
Such wet suits used in the summer rafting on catamarans, canoes, kayaks. Since even in the summer on the mountain rivers the water is very cold, such things are essential participants in this type of sport and entertainment. "Thermos" such an option gear warm in any weather, even in the off-season.
Convenient suit version with a T-shirt and long pants. Short sleeve does not interfere with work with oars and does not rub during active operations. The most suitable thickness - 5 mm. Under such a suit during freezing can pododet shorts neoprene 1-3 mm thick. They are very thin and are suitable as an extra heater when alloys, for example, on the rivers of Karelia, where even in summer can be frozen right through the night.
Convenient for divers
Wetsuit for hunting under the water is simply irreplaceable. For diving suitable for both thin and light suits and denser versions. Material 3-5 mm well for summer use with warm water reservoirs. For cold water need to wear the suit is more dense and thick (up to 11 mm).
Divers should not forget about the power of water pressure. With deep immersion air bubbles are pushed out of the suit, and it becomes thin. This greatly affects its buoyancy and thermal insulation properties. You can restore the balance in the air inflating the suit. But this is only suitable for dry suit.
The wet wetsuit for spearfishing are made of porous material, the interior of which has a plurality of suction cups, which are literally stick to the diver's skin. However, air bubbles in the cells do not contact each other. Therefore, wet suits have good buoyancy.
Spearfishing high wear pants and a jacket. There's no snake, which is considered the most problematic place. When choosing a costume is also an important point is the definition of the correct thickness of clothing.
If the water temperature is 21 degrees, the sufficient wear 3 mm suit for cold water - 7 mm and more.
How to properly care for your suit?
To suit long served, you need to take care of him. Only wash your hands in lukewarm water, not more than 30 degrees. Do not use aggressive detergents, soft enough to use liquid soap. Suit does not absorb water, so wash it should be first on one side, then turn inside out and wash the other.
Also suit and should be dry, periodically turning out to the right and wrong side. And only need to dry in a dry place, where not exposed to direct sunlight. It should be well ventilated.