Silos of nuclear missiles
• silos nuclear missiles
Carefully camouflaged underground mines deep in the 10-storey building and a three-level underground command post between them - something that used to be hidden from prying eyes.
Even the wife of the military did not know the truth about what their husbands. Who is more open to the public. Yes, just look almost nothing to, exported all the way to the wire brackets. But to see and learn the device itself and the mine control center was still very interesting!
My friends and occasionally go out to some interesting places in the country, following the crosstalk and places with geocaching site.
To an abandoned military installations usually comes standard neubivaemaya betonka, because there passed very heavy machinery:
P-14 - The Soviet single-stage liquid mrbm (IRBM), land-based.
8K65 rocket made of a single-stage circuit with separable warhead. Fuel tanks carry missiles, used in the construction of aluminum panels treated himfrezerovaniem. Supercharging is performed by air oxidizer tank, fuel - nitrogen. Fuel tanks are isolated from the rest of the fuel system cuts through the diaphragm valves, which allowed the term rocket storage in the filled state of up to 30 days.
Testing missiles took place at Kapustin Yar from June 6, 1960 on April 12, 1961 State of missiles fall was near Bratsk. The first series of launches has identified a design flaw causing cavitation, and the destruction of the rocket, but the defect was easily eliminated. In September 1962 c field position near the railway station near Chita Clear carried out the first successful test launch of P-14 with a nuclear warhead on a notional targets for nuclear Novaya Zemlya. Rocket in flight is set to the goal of a particular program, the team on the gas coming from the handlebars induction sensors on giroplate in its turn the stepper motors. The missile had a detachable head part with thermonuclear charge in flight capacity of 1 or 2, 3 Mm. Its separation from the body produced by the main team of the integrator of the motor by breaking off three explosive bolts. Immediately after that the powder consists of three brake motor mounted outside the instrument compartment. Their action slowed down a flight missiles and deploy it in order to avoid collision with the housing head portion. There was also a system for emergency undermine warhead and propulsion system off in the event of a significant deviation of the missile from the intended flight path.
It looks complex outside: Duct cover - concrete slab weighing 450 tonnes. The cover is moved along the rails, electric motors - for preventive maintenance, and powder - for combat purposes.
For used silos silo-based group start "Chusovaya" (8P764) development GSKB Spetsmash. A method of starting shaft - free, gas-dynamic, starting from the glass, on its own engines. The complex consisted of three silos disposed at a distance of 70-80 m, a command item, the storage of fuel and the compressed gas supply unit housed in one structure - processing block. After downloading and filling lines and the attach power cables missiles could be in this position for several years. In the filled state: fully operational complex could be 30 days. The general scheme in the center of the command post:
Detailed scheme command post:
Place tank heptyl.
Technical room around the top of the funnel most of the mine from the command post:
Driving shaft with a rocket:
Loading missiles in the mine:
Inside the shaft height is the height of 10-storey building more than 30 m:
Of course, all of these objects are the most looted after the collapse nuclear program, too, no one thought about the proper preservation. However, in Ukraine based on the location of one of these parts forces stunning museum created the military itself, where you can go down into the mine and the command post at the bottom and sit on the ground, from which the final order is given to the rocket launch.
Traveling in Ukraine - it's fine.