Grand Canyon in the US
• in the United States Grand Canyon
Grand Canyon - one of the deepest canyons in the world. It is located on the Colorado Plateau in Arizona in the eponymous national park.
Canyon cut by the Colorado River in the thickness of limestone, shale and sandstone. Since 1979, the Grand Canyon is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. All this beauty has evolved over some 10 million years.
Views on the way to the canyon. Very often I wanted to stop and take pictures, take pictures.
We come to one of the viewing areas of the canyon. Entry into the territory of the national park charge, but every minute you are aware of that gave 20 dollars. Perfect infrastructure, a detailed map of the area, spotlessly clean, and much more. There is much to learn.
Grand Canyon - one of the most unusual geological features of our planet, so it is very well researched. In it can be detected geological earth 4 AD and a variety of rock caverns, containing rich geological, archaeological and biological material.
The length of the canyon - 446 km, the width (at the level of the plateau) ranges from 6 to 29 km, at the bottom - less than a kilometer. Depth - up to 1600 m.
The gorge with a speed of 20 km per hour rush maroon Colorado water (the name of the river is Spanish and means "red") by rolling along the bottom of the huge boulders and pebbles, and carrying with them so much sand and clay, that the river becomes completely opaque . Nightly Colorado blows into the sea about half a million tons of rock.
Gorges huge space is not just looks long narrow dip in the ground. It is filled with chaotic accumulations cliffs buttes with the most bizarre form. Landslides, water and wind erosion have created within the walls of the canyon outlines of giant pagodas, pyramids, towers, fortifications, representing the unique beauty and grandeur of the spectacle. Many of them have their own names.
All this raznolikogo stone labyrinth, as well as giant canyon walls, lined with alternating yellow, pink, red, brown and brown layers of sedimentary rocks, forming a plateau.
The climate on the plateau and at the bottom of the canyon varies dramatically - when the top of about 15 ° C heat at the bottom of the gorge, including heated stones temperature rises to +40 ° C.
The Grand Canyon is one of the main tourist destinations in the United States - it is visited annually by more than 2 million people.
In the 40s - 50s of the twentieth century, many crews of passenger airliners flying in the area, specially planned route so as to enable passengers to admire the views of the Grand Canyon. Often pilots made over the canyon some "eights" with the left and right roll to improve passenger visibility.
At that time it was not prohibited, as passenger aircraft pilots have the right to make visual flight even when they are at levels that sometimes cause a dangerous convergence of aircraft in the air.
June 30, 1956 for this reason over the Grand Canyon two aircraft collided. Their debris fell to the bottom of the canyon, killing 128 people. It was the largest number of victims of the crash in the United States until 1960. After this incident, the visual flight at the levels of air routes over the United States were prohibited.
The view from the observation deck of the other. Total of the road south of 10 pieces, choose any.
And this is - a unique hydraulic structure in the United States - the Hoover Dam. We passed it on the way from the Canyon to Las Vegas. Until 2010 Highway 93 passed over the crest of the dam, which is tied with the Arizona Mexican border. Due to the narrow roads often formed huge traffic jams. Today, the movement organized by the Memorial Bridge (the panorama at the top left), and all was well. It is a pity it is forbidden to stop - from there a great view of the dam body and building machine room.
Who needs - an option in a 3: 2. Powerful background illumination - is Vegas.