Interesting facts about the underground
• Interesting facts about the subway
In the world there are more than two hundred cities in which the functions of such a form of public transport like the subway. It comes in several varieties, but now I do not know. Interesting facts enough for everyone.
Let's start with the historical facts. The first metro line was opened in London on 10 January 1863. It was called "Metropolitan line" and was horse-drawn. Seven years later, here came the first example of the underground, as we know it.
The second in the history of the subway has become Athens. The first line, and only over 129 years old, was discovered here February 27, 1869. Only in 2000, at the Athens metro appeared two more lines.
If we consider the shortest subway in the world, the options will be several. We choose among all Austrian Serfaus, whose length is only 1280 meters and connects the parking lot to the ski lifts. That is, it is not the classic version of the urban mode of transport.
When it comes to the short off-street urban rapid form of transport, it will be Carmel Haifa Israel. Six stations and the length of two kilometers, together with the stations.
The longest underground metro line is considered Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line in Moscow. Its length - 41, 2 kilometers.
The largest in the world is New York City Subway, the length of which, together with ground and above-ground portions of 1355 kilometers!
At the same time, the longest subway exclusively for passengers is considered to be in London. The length of the line - 408 kilometers.
Once we almost missed, but wait too long to remember. The youngest underground at this point is the underground of Almaty. It was opened on December 1, 2011.
Another "thing." The deepest station in the world - the metro "Arsenal" in Kiev, located at a depth of 105 m 3.
The cheapest rental costs in North Korea. The trip will cost three US cents.
But the most expensive is considered again the London Underground.
The most high-tech underground rightfully boasts the city of Dubai. Here, everything is automated as much as possible and the number of staff in the dozens, and sometimes hundreds of times less than in many cities of the world.
Many call Metro Athens the most beautiful in the world. We give preference to Stockholm. Not for nothing because it is also called the world's longest art gallery.
The most expensive subway called the Tehran subway. And deservedly so. More than a billion dollars has been spent on its launch. A few years before the opening of the metro was used by the government as a bunker in case of danger.
only two metro are in Africa (Cairo, Tunisia) and Australia (Sydney, Melbourne).
The most narrow gauge metro located in the Balearic Islands in Palma de Mallorca. Width - 1000 mm.
The deepest subway in the world, at an average depth of occurrence is considered Metro St. Petersburg.
Angle escalators worldwide is 30 degrees.
Every 20th suicide occurs in the underground.
If all the subways lines to pull in the same rut, you get a distance approximately equal to the distance from the North Pole to the equator.
the busiest metro in the world - Tokyo. And the busiest station - Shinjuku, skipping more than 2 million passengers a day.
The biggest metro station in the world is a Dubai-based "Union Square". Its area - 20 thousand square meters.
In the subway station São Paulo announces driver.
on the Tokyo subway has a special "rammers" to "pack" can not accommodate passengers during rush hour. This position is called "Hosea."
Here, there is a special "female" cars marked with pink signs. As a rule, this is the first and last carriages.