Major man-made disasters of the 21st century
Today, let us remember the large man-made disasters that have occurred in the world in the XXI century.
Petrobrays - Brazilian state oil company. The company's headquarters is located in Rio de Janeiro. In July 2000, in Brazil as a result of the disaster at the refinery in the Iguazu River flowed over a million gallons of oil (about 3180 tons). For comparison, the recently around the resort island in Thailand spilled 50 tons of crude oil.
The resulting spot progressed down the river, threatening to poison the drinking water for several cities. The liquidators of the accident was built a few entry barriers, but only managed to stop the oil on the fifth. One of the oil collected from the water surface, and the other went on a specially constructed diverting ducts.
"Petrobrays" Company paid US $ 56 million fine to the state budget, and 30 million - in the state budget.
Platform Company Petrobrays:
September 21, 2001 in Toulouse, France at the AZF chemical plant explosion, the consequences of which are considered to be one of the largest man-made disasters. It exploded 300 tons of ammonium nitrate (nitric acid salt), which are in stock of finished goods. Officially, the blame management plant, which does not ensure the security of storage of explosive substances.
The consequences of the disaster was huge, killing 30 people, the total number of injured - more than 3 00, were destroyed or damaged thousands of homes and buildings, including almost 80 schools, 2 universities, 185 kindergartens, homeless were 40,000 people, more than 130 companies virtually stopped its activities. The total amount of damages - 3 billion euros.
November 13, 2002 near the coast of Spain was in a severe storm oil tanker Prestige, in the holds of which there were more than 77 000 tons of fuel oil. As a result of the storm in the ship's hull is a crack about 50 meters long. November 19 tanker broke in half and sank. As a result of the disaster in the sea were 63,000 tons of fuel oil.
Clean sea and beaches of fuel oil worth $ 12 billion mantas, full damage caused by the ecosystem can not be estimated.
August 26, 2004 near Cologne in western Germany from the bridge 100 meters high Wiehltal fallen tanker truck carrying 32,000 liters of fuel. After falling tanker exploded. The culprit of the accident was a sports car, which skidded on a slippery road, which caused the skid tanker.
This accident is considered one of the most expensive man-made disasters in history - a temporary repair of the bridge is worth 40 million dollars and the total reconstruction - 318 million dollars.
March 19, 2007 due to the explosion of methane in the mine "Ulyanovsk" 110 people were killed in the Kemerovo region. After the first burst of 5-7 seconds, followed by four more blast, which caused extensive landslides in mines in several places. Chief engineer died and almost all the mine management. This accident is the largest in the Russian coal mining over the past 75 years.
August 17, 2009 there was a technological disaster at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station located on the Yenisei River. It happened during the repair of a hydroelectric power station hydroelectric units. As a result of the accident destroyed the 3rd and 4th waterways, was the destruction of the walls and flooding the turbine room. 9 of 10 hydro-turbines is completely out of order, he's been stopped. Because of the accident was a broken power supply Siberian regions, including the limited supply of electricity in Tomsk, touched off several Siberian smelters. As a result of the disaster killed 75 people, another 13 were wounded.
Damage from the accident at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station has exceeded 7.3 billion rubles, including environmental damage. The other day in Khakassia has started the trial of a man-made disaster at the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydroelectric power station in 2009.
October 4, 2010 in the west of Hungary, there was a major ecological disaster. In a large plant for producing aluminum explosion destroyed dam reservoir with toxic waste - the so-called red mud. About 1, 1 million cubic meters of caustic substances flooded 3-meter flow and Dechever Kolontár city 160 kilometers west of Budapest.
Red mud - is the precipitate which is formed during the production of alumina. After contact with the skin it acts on it as lye. As a result of the disaster killed 10 people, about 150 received various injuries and burns.
April 22, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of the US state of Louisiana after the explosion, which killed 11 people, and 36-hour fire, sank controlled drilling platform Deepwater Horizon.
Stop the oil leak was only 4 August 2010. In the Gulf of Mexico water spilled about 5 million barrels of crude oil. The platform on which the accident occurred, belonged to a Swiss company, and at the time of man-made disaster platform operated company Vritish Petroleum.
March 11, 2011 in northeastern Japan at nuclear power plants "Fukushima-1" after the earthquake was the largest in 25 years after the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident. Following the tremors of magnitude 9, 0 on the coast came to a huge tsunami, which damaged 4 of 6 reactor nuclear power plant and put out of action the cooling system, which led to a series of hydrogen explosions, core meltdown.
The total amount of emission of iodine-131 and Cs-137 in nuclear accident after "Fukushima-1" was 900,000 terabekkreley that does not exceed 20% of the emissions after the accident in 1986 year, which was then terabecquerels 5.2 million.
The total damage caused by the accident at the plant "Fukushima-1", the experts rated at 74 billion dollars. The complete elimination of the accident, including the dismantling of the reactors, will take about 40 years.
July 11, 2011 at the naval base near Limassol in Cyprus there was an explosion, which claimed 13 lives, and put the island nation to the brink of economic crisis, destroying the island's largest power station.
Investigators accused the President of the Republic Demetris Christofias that he negligently treated the problem of storage of ammunition confiscated in 2009 from a vessel "Monchegorsk" on suspicion of smuggling weapons to Iran. In fact ammunition were stored directly on the ground in the territory of the naval base and detonated due to high temperature.
Destroyed power Mari, Cyprus, 2011:
February 28, 2012 at a chemical plant in the Chinese province of Hebei, an explosion occurred, killing 25 people. The explosion took place in the shop for the production of nitroguanidine (it is used as rocket fuel) at the chemical plant of the company "Hebei Keer" in Shijiazhuang City:
August 25, 2012 in the largest oil refinery in Venezuela Paraguana Refining Center was a massive explosion. The fire spread to the adjacent barracks, pipes and cars parked nearby:
Completely extinguish the fire was only three days later, on August 28th. As a result of man-made disaster 42 people died, 150 were wounded.
April 18, 2013 in the American city of West Texas fertilizer factory was a powerful explosion.
Nearly 100 buildings in the area were destroyed, from 5 to 15 people were killed and about 160 people were injured, but the town itself was like a war zone or on the set of another film about Terminator.