What's included in the kit for the survival of the Soviet cosmonaut
• What is included in the kit for the survival of the Soviet cosmonaut
While NASA officials nearly 20 years developed a cosmic ice cream, in the Soviet Union worked on this:
It is set NAZ-7 survival (untouchable emergency supply). It was developed in 1968 to ship the Soviet Union, a reliable workhorse for space flight, which is still used today. The set consisted of (from top to bottom and left to right):
Makarov pistol and bullets
18 waterproof matches, dry fuel
Knife "Machete," set for fishing
Stroboscope with a spare battery
8 signal lights
3 pairs of woolen gloves
Medical kit type NAZ-7
Radio-855UM P (P-855A1)
2 batteries "Surf 2-C" for radio
3 wool Caps (Balaklavy)
In case of emergency landing, the gun could scare "wolves, bears, tigers, t. D.". Later Soviet survival kit has been extended to include fishing gear, improved warm clothes, a blue knit cap with the initials of the astronaut and fur boots like ugg.
Set the astronaut survival Moscow Polytechnic Museum
Another survival kit In these sets, there is a special "combined arms" (rifle, shotgun and rocket launcher) designed specifically for the Russian cosmonauts. Orberg James writes:
"The American astronauts who have trained with the 1995-1997 year to visit the Mir space station, and later as part of the Soviet crew of the International Space Station, faced with a unique skill that astronauts have to learn: the shooting. They had to know how to load, aim and shoot from a special gun for survival, which was on board all ships of the Soviet Union throughout their 30-year history. "
TP-82 - triple-gun with a machete on butt
TA-82 was designed for hunting, release flares and protection from hostile foreign citizens. The gun is also equipped with a removable machete for cutting bushes. Astronaut Jim Voss says that during the shooting training on board the spacecraft model in the Black Sea, as targets an incredible number of bottles of vodka was used.
By 2007, the ammunition for this exceptionally rare firearms has become impossible to find. For any other space program, it is likely to mean the end of the use of weapons in space. But Russian is not scared: Now astronauts visiting the International Space Station with the usual semi-automatic. "Russia's participation means that on board the ISS have a gun, - says Orberg. - And the gun belong to Russian ". And here is a photo of one of the most prominent Russian cosmonauts:
Manarov Musa, aircraft engineer from Azerbaijan. I was in the space of 120 hours. He was awarded the medal "Hero of the Soviet Union," the father of two children
In 1963, the pilot of the ship Votosk-6, Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman astronaut. In 2013, she enrolled in the volunteers for one-way trips to Mars
Vladimir Kovalenok was the commander of three space missions
And finally: it turns out, many of the items mentioned in this article is now put up for auction at one of the US sites. Machete from the gun TP-82, for example, was bought for $ 240, while the price of this (picture above) space suit to relax even lower - only $ 200.