Difficult fate of Soviet and Russian songwriter Michael Tanic
• The difficult fate of the Soviet and Russian songwriter Michael Tanic
September 15 would be fulfilled 95 years one of the most famous songwriters Michael Tanic, but 10 years ago he died. He was the author of hits that they know absolutely everything - "Black Cat," "We choose, choose us," "On you made friends wedge white light", "Weather in the house." But that was hardly known to the public that before the famous all over the country, Tanic was a war, and was later convicted and sentenced to 6 years in prison, and that his real name he had to hide for a long time.
Michael Tanhilevich with parents
He was born in 1923 in Taganrog. Real name was Michael - Tanhilevich. His paternal ancestors were Jews, and maternal - Russian. The father of the poet, Isaac Samoylovich Tanhilevich, after the municipal services of the Institute was appointed chief in the management of municipal services in Taganrog. Early years Michael was happy and carefree, but when he was 14 years old, his father was arrested and charged with theft of socialist property in especially large sizes sentenced to death. After his father was arrested and Misha's mother, and the boy was sent to his grandfather in Mariupol.
The poet in his youth | Photo: 24smi.org
In 1941 Mikhail graduated from high school and was going to go to college, but his plans are ruined war. After training at the artillery school, he went to the front, to the army. However, it happened to him six months later than his peers - as the son of repressed parents he was held in the school for a year, rather than the lieutenant gave at issue as everyone else, and senior sergeant - for the same reason.
Tanhilevich fought on the 1st Byelorussian and 1st Baltic fronts, commanded by an instrument in anti-tank artillery regiment, was repeatedly shot and wounded, met victory in Germany for its military achievements, he was awarded the Order of Glory III degree and the Order of the Red Stars. Command petitioned to award him the title Hero of the Soviet Union, but was refused - all because of the stigma of the son of an enemy nation. Later, his memories of the war used his colleague Okudzhava when writing the script for the film "Zhenya, Zhenya and" Katyusha ".
After returning home Tanhilevich entered the Civil Engineering Institute in Rostov, but did not manage to finish his training. In 1947, one of the students wrote on his accusation, which accused him of anti-Soviet agitation. Michael immediately arrested, despite the fact that the charge was ridiculous - in fact, he just once praised German radio and had the imprudence to say that he is better than the Soviet radio. Later, the poet recalled: "I was standing on her: yes, yes, talking about the good German radio" Philips "and" Telefunken ", but no, life abroad is not praised. We pull the rope with the investigator without varying success, but its end is getting longer. This scenario has been developed in Moscow, craftsmen, members of the Writers' Union, in large part associated with hypertension. "
At trial, the evidence of his guilt were not made public, but Tanhilevicha sentenced to 6 years in a strict regime. Convict sent to Solikamsk, where it was saved from destruction in the logging acquaintance with the artist Konstantin Rotov (prior to the conclusion he was the chief of the magazine artist "Crocodile"), with whom they have identified in the brigade, drawn up in the camp evident propaganda: "I worked in the logging. The work was physically hard, fed us badly. I went all boils began abrasions. His feet were swollen and looked like the deck. It was painful not only to walk, but also to sit. I might have died, but they took me to the office, the accounts department. It was just luck".
He was transferred to the felling, and so he was able to avoid the fate of other prisoners who had arrived with him in Solikamsk, - all of them did not survive until the end of his term. He was released in the spring of 1953, just after the death of Stalin. Amazingly, the news of his death he met with tears in his eyes - just like many other prisoners. "Just we were children at the time", - said Tanhilevich.
After the liberation Tanhilevich could not go to Moscow because he was not rehabilitated, and stayed on Sakhalin, where he worked as a master in "Stroymehmontazhe". Rehabilitation he waited only after 3 years, and then was finally able to move into the outside Moscow Orekhovo-. He composed poems in his youth, and during his stay on Sakhalin, he began to publish them in the local newspaper under the pseudonym Tanic. Then he sent some of his works to the editor of "Literary newspaper", received accolades and on the advice of Bulat Okudzhava moved closer to the capital, and engaged in poetic creation.
3 years after moving to the suburbs Tanich published his first collection of poetry, and his name soon learned the whole country. Once in the wording of "Moskovsky Komsomolets" newspaper, he met with the composer Yan Frenkel, a meeting which became fatal. Together they wrote the song "Textile Town", which performed the Maya Kristalinskaya. After that Tanic began collaborating with other poets and composers, and very soon the songs of his authorship perform the most famous stars of Soviet music.
The first popularly beloved Tanich a hit was the song "Black Cat", for her hits came one after another. "Robot" Alla Pugacheva, "Three minutes," Valery Leontiev, "The guy with a guitar" Igor Sarukhanov, "Dreams Come True" Yuri Antonov, "Weather in the house" Larisa Dolina - all of these compositions have appeared thanks to Michael Tanic. Surprisingly, but even after he became famous all over the country and has earned a certain reputation in musical circles, his lyrics often "reject" because of their "primitive". For example, initially the song "We choose, choose us," seemed too simple to the director of the film "Big Break", and later became his trademark. The same thing happened with the smash hit "Komarovo", thanks to which later Igor Sklyar has become an entertainment star.
Michael Tanic and a group Lesopoval * * | Photo: stories-of-success.ru
The favorite child of Michael Tanic was a group of "Timber Camp" - the poet was its organizer and has collaborated with musicians over the years, releasing 15 albums and written for them more than 300 songs. The most famous of them - "I'll buy you a house" ( "White swan on a pond"), "Netochka Nezvanova", "wagon Stolypin", etc. The group is often criticized, calling their repertoire "blatnyakom", and the poet his plan explained as follows:. "We tell the person who has fallen into the camp. He says ... Our repertoire covers everything on "camp life", but this is not a purely lesopovalnye songs are songs about the will and captivity. I was not a criminal domestic, but they sat (and then political separated from them, but my article and left), lived with them his six years in the camp ate with them one soup, shared a solder, a sawed pine. This world is familiar to me as a mother, I did not separate from him. "
songwriter Michael Tanic lived a long life, being able to overcome all the trials that fell to his lot, and go from being a prisoner to one of the most influential people on the Soviet stage. April 17, 2008 Tanich died, not having lived a few months before his 85th birthday.
Michael Tanic with his second wife, Lydia Gantry | Photo: 24smi.org