The device system emergency rescue crew of the spaceship
• The device is an emergency rescue system of the spacecraft crew
emergency rescue system, or abbreviated as SAS is "a rocket in the rocket", which is crowned by the steeple of the Union:
the astronauts themselves sitting at the bottom of the spire (which has the shape of a cone)
SAS provides a rescue crew as the launch site, and on any flight. Here it is necessary to understand that the probability of getting lyuley at the start several times higher than in flight. It's like a light bulb - most burnouts occur at the time of inclusion. Therefore, the first thing that makes the SAS at the time of the accident it is up in the air and carries astronauts somewhere away from the spreading of the explosion:
Engines SAS alert the 15 minutes before a rocket launch.
But now the fun part. SAS is activated by two attendants who synchronously push the button on team flight leader. And the team is usually the name of a geographic object. For example, the Flight Director says: "Altai" and the duty to activate CAC. Just like 50 years ago.
The worst thing is not the landing and transhipment. 9g - In the news to the Rescue of Astronauts overload was pointed out at once. It is extremely unpleasant for the average person overload, but not deadly or even dangerous to a trained astronaut. For example, in 1975 Vasily Lazarev overload drew 20, and according to some sources in 26G. He did not die, but the consequences put an end to his career.
As it was mentioned, SAS has more than 50ti years. During this time it has undergone many changes, but formally the basic principles of its operation have not changed. There was electronics, a variety of different sensors, improved reliability, but rescue the astronauts still looks as would have looked 50 years ago. Why? Because gravity, overcoming the first cosmic velocity and the human factor is a value apparently unchanged:
The first successful test conducted in SAS 67m year. In fact, trying to fly around the Moon unmanned. But the first attempt came out lumpy, so we decided to test the CAC at the same time that at least some result was positive. Lander landed intact, and if there were people inside, they would not have died.
And here is how the SAS in flight: