What foreign cars are made available to the Soviet drivers
For the majority of citizens of the USSR personal car was a cherished dream. Even after saving the required amount, get the car was not easy, but of foreign cars was better and did forget. Legally get a car "out" could only famous actors, astronauts and party officials. Only in the 1980s, foreign cars are available to all.
Of all the cars manufactured in Eastern Europe, the Soviet drivers are the most loved Czech "Tatra". These were high-class cars that are available "for the elite."
The Czech-class vehicles Tatra 613 and Tatra 603
In 1970-80-ies in the USSR in small quantities supplied model Tatra 613. She received a powerful 3, 5-liter V8 engine mounted in the rear. Thanks to him, the machine can accelerate to 190 kilometers per hour.
The machine is not exposed to the public, but it can be bought second-hand from the hands. True, afford such a deal could not all. In the USSR, Tatra 613 cost as two "Volga".
In the USSR, a well-known Czech trucks and buses Skoda, but the light vehicles of this brand have met infrequently. The only model, massively ranked in the Soviet Union - it wagons 1201/1202 series. About 15,000 of these cars were in the Soviet Union, where they served as ambulances, as well as cargo vans. The car was equipped with a 47-horsepower engine and carry up to 650 kilograms of cargo.
The restored wagon Czech Skoda 1201
After the cancellation of service in the fleets of the "Skoda" often battered drivers and car mechanics. It was removed from the body of the medical equipment, and thus get a comfortable car, the size of a little less "Volga".
One and a half century, the Serbian company "Zastava" produces weapons. When in the socialist Yugoslavia decided to collect cars, the choice fell on this plant. In 1955, the assembly line went down the first model, a copy of the Fiat 600. The car has received a proper name "Zastava-750", but its design with respect to the prototype did not change significantly. There was still the same modest engine capacity of up to 25 liters. c., by which it was possible to reach a maximum speed of 100 kilometers per hour.
The three-door car "Zastava-750" and now often found in the Balkans
Tiny car was produced until 1985 and sold almost a million copies, becoming a real people's car in Yugoslavia. In the USSR, the car fell, along with the corporate traveler, who could afford it.
In Germany, this car has become a real symbol of the era, recognizable at a glance. Trabant ( "Satellite") was produced from 1957 to 1991.
The two-stroke engine air cooling capacity of up to 26 liters. from. mounted on a steel frame, which is attached to the outer body panels made from plastic. For the "high" and modest size characteristics called German four-Trabant motorcycle helmet with common. For all the time it was released about 3 million Trabant, many of which were sold in the Republic of the Eastern bloc, and in the capitalist countries.
Wartburg 353 / 1.3
Another car-longevity of the GDR became Wartburg 353. The model was produced from 1966 until the collapse of the Berlin Wall. Vehicle equipped with a two-stroke three cylinder engine power up to 57 liters. from. 1 liter.
Wartburg station wagon
Over the years, the production machine is constantly upgraded, and a new version with a 4-stroke engine capacity of 1, 3 liters in 1988. A lot of Wartburg cars fell into the USSR in the late 1980s, when they returned to their homeland Soviet officers.
In the late 1950s a new car plant was opened in the Polish city of Nysa. It collected vans, developed on the basis of Soviet "Victory". And there was the most popular model Nysa 521 in 1968.
The car has a very recognizable funny looks, but a solid body and reliable units. Nysa vans produced before 1994 and sold in large quantities in the socialist countries all over the world. Some of them are still on the run.
Another minibus comes from socialist Poland - Zuk. The machine is serially produced in Lublin on FSC factory since 1959. The first generation of Zuk received units and the engine from the Soviet "Victory", and later installed the 70-strong Polish engine S21.
The first prototype vehicle projections the corrugated sides of the body were a contrast in relation to the rest of the surface color. One of the designers commented that the machine is similar to the Colorado potato beetle, and the name became official. Also caught another nickname, "sad" for the shape of the front end. With minor changes Zuk was produced until 1998, and a lot of copies fell into the Soviet Union.
The export of LADA
In the Soviet Union, "Zhiguli" were considered quite prestigious car. Cars from Togliatti quoted much higher than the "Cossacks" and "Muscovites". But of particular interest to local motorists caused export models.
Lada Signet - export version of the VAZ-2104 for Canada
These were the cars collected for sale abroad. The majority of cars are different design of individual parts, additional optics, new appliances, insulation, improved suspension.
Exports "Lada" fell into Union mostly from Eastern Bloc countries, while in the USSR, sometimes even returning RHD copies in the UK.