Camouflage border "Birch" (photo)
Camouflage border "Birch" was created for the appropriate service personnel. In this article we will look at the history of kit. Camouflage "Birch" - is a separate type camouflage cloak, which was designed to be worn in such environment, where there was a considerable amount of grass and blossoming trees. In particular, the birches. Here and originated the name camouflage.
A little bit of reasoning about camouflage
There are kits not so long ago. Camouflage itself has been actively introduced into the armed forces of different states only after the Afghan war. During her Soviet troops used the first experimental samples of modern camouflage uniforms. This, of course, were Afghan women.
What distinguishes modern camouflage?
More recently, even before the Afghan war, military uniform decorated to the max. We tried to expose any decorative elements, to achieve the maximum color richness. The modern camouflage is primarily designed to increase the stealth soldier.
At the time, this approach allows to observe from a distance fighters. "Why and what for?" - you ask. Everything is very simple. In fact, in those days, the principle of war was similar to modern politics. That is, a game of chess. Where the generals assigned the role players, the officers - figures, and ordinary soldiers - pawns. Let us also remember that there was no modern means of communication. What today, they almost did not exist. Therefore, the generals could get an understanding of what is happening on the battlefield, only through visual inspection. It is achieved through the use of just such a uniform. Only close to the 20th century military uniform began to modernize. Of rich colors, eye-catching, bright, she turned into a flea. When sewing materials have been used such a color that mimicked soldier surrounding space and environment.
When the first camouflage?
Protective camouflage on the mission was first involved in the Great Patriotic War. At the same time we started to introduce and camouflage coveralls. The first prototypes, by the way, appeared long before that. More specifically, during the Russian-Japanese War of 1904-1905. Then the Japanese troops used a special outfit that hides the soldier from enemy eyes.
All countries who have watched the progress of the war, based on its results have made the appropriate conclusions about what role can play a camouflage. In fact, the end of the last century, the Russian-Japanese War gave impetus to the development of camouflage clothing and camouflage to run them in serial production and deliveries to the armed forces.
Such was camouflage "Birch". The Soviet Union, or rather the Soviet High Command, after the war put to the relevant experts a question not only about the costumes, but also on the analysis of the tactical use of such equipment. It is believed that it was the Russian-Japanese War was the starting point. That is the moment when the war ceased to be a "chess-front" and became hidden, subversive.
In the main part of the camouflage
The scientists who developed the means of disguising soldiers and weapons during the active phase of World War II, have made for themselves a few conclusions. It turned out that in order to successfully hide from enemy eyes this or that object, first of all need to think not about the surrounding environment simulation. The primary objective was to change shape, which are so familiar to the human eye. Here begins the history of camouflage nets. They are at first covered the technique, as well as aviation. Everything was done so with the expectation that things will be hidden from the enemy.
Later, with the development of camouflage nets, their prototypes were designed for soldiers. It is, of course, about camouflage overalls. Wear them to be right on top of military clothing. Thus, the shape of the human body gained a little confusing form, acquired a baggy look.
In the Soviet Union, an institution dedicated was under development these issues, was created in 1927. A few years later, in the early 30s, in the equipment of the Soviet soldiers was added camouflage suit made from materials of different colors. They were amoeboid spots. On the corresponding area of such suit effectively allow human disguise.
Camouflage PV USSR "Birch"
Although developed this type of camouflage was in the Soviet Union, it is our time has undergone significant changes over the original version. Generally camouflage cloak was last changed in 1944. And here is a sample of the time we see before us.
It is interesting that the modernization of Soviet specialists suit spodvigla form captive invaders. By 1944, Germany was far ahead of other countries in the development of means of disguise of soldiers and equipment. The newly created costume was sewed directly from 3 different colors.
sewing process, combined with colors created peculiar combination that effectively created the illusion blur. The cut (balahonoobrazny) allowed to conceal the outline of the human body. All these factors have resulted from camouflage overalls maximum efficiency. Camouflage "Birch" PV is supplied sufficiently voluminous hood. This allowed soldiers to wear it not just on top form, but on top of helmets. Due to such a good outline of the hood of the shoulders and the head changed. A little later in the robe "Birches" began to appear more tabs. In this way it was possible to increase the quality of camouflage. The threaded an buttonholes grass, small branches.
Western sources often referred to as our "Birch" computer camouflage. The reason for this lies in the fact that the spots that are marked as a camouflage pattern, are at times square (as a whole angular) shape. At present camouflage patches of different sizes: both small and large. The first act at short distances. While the latter will come into effect only at large distances.
In "Birches" there are analogues. In fact, the principle remains the same, just a few colors have changed. Thus, the camouflage cloak was adapted for several embodiments ambient environment. The most famous analog "Birches" - "Dubok".